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A Short Glossary of Obsolete Words in the King James New Testament

29 Dec
A Short Glossary of Obsolete Words in the King James New Testament

A Short Glossary of Obsolete Words in the King James New Testament

This post is actually a re-posting of an article by Eldin Ricks found at LDS.ORG: A Short Glossary of Obsolete Words in the King James New Testament – New Era Apr. 1977 – new-era

The reason that I am re-posting this is so that it can be formatted in a way that is more easily shareable on social media and sharing outlets, like Pinterest. ENJOY!

Notwithstanding the merits of the King James Bible, however, it contains many words and phrases that have become obsolete since its first publication in 1611. The following are definitions of some New Testament expressions that have either fallen out of popular usage or else have undergone in some or all contexts significant change of meaning.

adjure To bind by oath or solemnly entreat. “But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.” (Matt. 26:63.)

aforehand Beforehand. “She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.” (Mark 14:8.)

anon Immediately, at once. “But Simon’s wife’s mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her.” (Mark 1:30.)

apt Fit, adapted, qualified. “And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient.” (2 Tim. 2:24.) This word can also mean “having an inclination or tendency; likely.”

assay To attempt, try. “After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not.” (Acts 16:7.) This term can also mean “to analyze and judge significance of.”

attendance Attention, application. “Till I come, giveattendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.” (1 Tim. 4:13.)

barbarian A foreigner, one who speaks a different language. “Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me.” (1 Cor. 14:11.)

bewray To point out, expose, make evident. “And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speechbewrayeth thee.” (Matt. 26:73.)

bid Invite. “Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.” (Matt. 22:9.)

bowels Compassion, feelings. “For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.” (Philip. 1:8.)

broid To braid. “In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array.” (1 Tim. 2:9.)

careful To be anxious, full of care. “Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.” (Philip. 4:6.)

carriage Baggage, luggage. “And after those days we took up our carriages, and went up to Jerusalem.” (Acts 21:15.)

chambering Lewdness, immorality, filthy living. “Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.” (Rom. 13:13.)

chargeable Burdensome. “For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.” (1 Thes. 2:9.) This term carries the connotation of being “accountable.”

charger A large platter. “And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist’s head in a charger.” (Matt. 14:8.)

charity Bible lexicons define charity as love (Greek:agape), and the Book of Mormon explains that the love that Christ has for the human family is charity. (Ether 12:34.) The Book of Mormon explanation thus permits us to refine the definition of the lexicons and identify charity as Christlike love. “Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.” (1 Cor. 13:1.)

coast Border, side, outskirts, region. “When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?” (Matt. 16:13.)

commune To converse, consult. “And it came that, to pass, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.” (Luke 24:15.)

conclude To shut up or enclose. (A second meaning is to decide.) “But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.” (Gal. 3:22.)

convenient Suitable, becoming, proper. “Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are notconvenient: but rather giving of thanks.” (Eph. 5:4.)

conversation Behavior, deportment, citizenship. “For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ.” (Philip. 3:20.)

damnation Condemnation. “But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath neverforgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation.” (Mark 3:29.) A form of this word can also be used to mean “prevented from.”

disciple A student, follower, learner. “From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?” (John 6:66–67.)

divers Diverse, different, various. “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the father by the prophets.” (Heb. 1:1.)

earnest A pledge or security. “Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.” (2 Cor. 5:5.)

ensample Example. “Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.” (2 Thes. 3:9.)

ensue To follow after and overtake. “Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.” (1 Pet. 3:11.)

entertain Extend hospitality. “Be not forgetful toentertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.” (Heb. 13:2.)

ere Before. “The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die.” (John 4:49.)

espouse To promise in marriage. “To a virgin espousedto a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.” (Luke 1:27.)

exchanger Money changer, banker. “Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury.” (Matt. 25:27.)

execute Perform, carry out. “And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon all.” (Jude 1:14–15.)

express Precise, exact. “Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.” (Heb. 1:3.)

fain Willingly, gladly. “And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.” (Luke 15:16.)

faint To be discouraged, lose confidence. “And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint.” (Luke 18:1.)

flux Dysentery. “And it came to pass, that the father of Publius lay sick of fever and of a bloody flux: to whom Paul entered in, and prayed, and laid his hands on him, and healed him.” (Acts 28:8.)

foreship The bow of a ship. “And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship.” (Acts 27:30.)

furlong About one-eighth of a mile or 220 yards. “And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.” (Luke 24:13.)

gainsay To speak against, contradict, resist. “For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.” (Luke 21:15.)

graff To graft. “And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.” (Rom. 11:23.)

guilty of death Deserving of death. “What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.” (Matt. 26:66.)

hale To pull or drag. “When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.” (Luke 12:58.)

halt Lame, crippled. “And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched.” (Mark 9:45.)

haply Perchance, perhaps. “Lest haply if they of Macedonia come with me, and find you unprepared, we (that we say not, ye) should be ashamed in this same confident boasting.” (2 Cor. 9:4.)

husbandman A farmer. “Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.” (Matt. 21:33.) The connotation of this term implies taking care of items for which one is responsible.

implead To indict, accuse, sue in a court of law. “Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.” (Acts 19:38.)

incontinent Unrestrained, intemperate. “Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers,incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good.” (2 Tim. 3:3.)

instant Urgent, persistent. “Preach the word; be instantin season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.” (2 Tim. 4:2.)

instantly Urgently, persistently. “Unto which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come. For which hope’s sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.” (Acts 26:7.)

let Hinder, impede, prevent (and other meanings). “Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was lethitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles.” (Rom. 1:13.)

filthy lucre Money or gain obtained by base, sordid, or wicked means. “For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre.” (Titus 1:7.)

mean Common, lowly. “But Paul said, I am a man which am a Jew of Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, a citizen of no meancity: and, I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto the people.” (Acts 21:39.)

meat Food (not necessarily flesh food). “And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them.” (Luke 24:41–43.)

meet Appropriate, suitable, fitting. “Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance.” (Matt. 3:8.)

overcharge Overburden. “But if any have caused grief, he hath not grieved me, but in part: that I may notovercharge you all.” (2 Cor. 2:5.)

peculiar Owned, one’s very own, special, treasure; different from all of the rest. The apostle Paul explains that members of Christ’s Church are owned by the Lord and not by themselves. Having accepted (throughbaptism) the purchase price of the atonement, they have deeded their lives over to God and belong to Him completely. (1 Cor. 6:19–20.) It is probably in this sense that the apostle Peter said to the saints of his day, “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people.” (1 Pet. 2:9.)

peradventure Maybe, perhaps, by chance. “For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yetperadventure for a good man some would even dare to die.” (Rom. 5:7.)

prick A goad or sharp instrument used to prod reluctant oxen, also a thorn. “And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.” (Acts 26:14.)

quicken To bring to life. “Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:” (1 Cor. 15:36.)

scrip A wallet or small bag used by shepherds and travelers. “Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.” (Matt. 10:10.)

severally Separately. “But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severallyas he will.” (1 Cor. 12:11.)

shambles Slaughterhouse, butcher’s stall. “Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake.” (1 Cor. 10:25.)

strait As a noun it is a pass or narrow place, as the Straits of Gibraltar; as an adjective it means narrow, rigid, strict. “Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat.” (Matt. 7:13.)

study Try earnestly, make a serious effort. “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” (2 Tim. 2:15.)

suffer Apart from the present-day meaning of experiencing affliction, it frequently is used to mean permit or allow. Jesus was using it in the latter sense when he said, “Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.” (Matt. 19:14.)

trow To think, believe, suppose. “Doth he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him? I trow not.” (Luke 17:9.)

twain Two. “And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and theytwain shall be one flesh?” (Matt. 19:5.)

usury Interest. Today it carries the connotation of excessive interest. “Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury.” (Matt. 25:27.)

untoward Perverse, intractable, crooked. “And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.” (Acts 2:40.)

without Outside. On one occasion Paul rebuked the Corinthian saints for not taking Church action against a member of the branch who was guilty of gross misconduct. In the course of his reprimand, Paul observed that he was not in the business of judging the actions of those “without,” meaning those outside the Church, but that saints were obliged to evaluate adherence to gospel standards of those “within,” meaning those inside the Church. “For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? do not ye judge them that are within?” (1 Cor. 5:12.) This term is sometimes used to mean “devoid of.”

wont Accustomed. “And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again.” (Mark 10:1.)

wot To know. “And now, brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did it, as did also your rulers.” (Acts 3:17.)

Sources Used

Elliot, Melvin E., The Language of the King James Bible.Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1967. 227 pp.

Morris, William, editor, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Boston: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc. 1975. 1550 pp.

Weigle, Luther A., The Living Word. New York: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1956. 72 pp.

Wright, Waldis, The Bible Word Book. 2d edition. London: Macmillan and Co., 1884. 680 pp.

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EASTER: Creating a Christ-centered Celebration

18 Apr

There would be no Christmas if there had not been Easter. The babe Jesus of Bethlehem would be but another baby without the redeeming Christ of Gethsemane and Calvary, and the triumphant fact of the Resurrection. ~ President Gordon B. Hinckley, Ensign, Dec. 2000.

It may seem strange to consider at first, but after pausing to ponder we come to realize that Christmas would be meaningless without Easter. As important as the divine and miraculous birth of Jesus Christ was (and still is), it would be in vain without His redemptive, atoning sacrifice that shattered the chains of death with a triumphant resurrection (To study more about the Resurrection, CLICK HERE). Perhaps that is why our beloved prophet, President Thomas S. Monson has said:

“No words in Christendom mean more to me than those spoken by the angel to the weeping Mary Magdalene and the other Mary when, on the first day of the week, they approached the tomb to care for the body of their Lord. Spoke the angel: ‘Why seek ye the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen.’ ” (“He Is Risen!” Apr. 2010 General Conference)

He is not here: For he is RISEN

He is not here: For he is RISEN

Fortunately, Easter has not become nearly as commercialized as Christmas. Yet it still seems that we are distracted just enough by the little Easter Bunny and his baskets of goodies that we go running off in the wrong direction–like Alice chasing the White Rabbit into Wonderland. I like what the Church has said on this matter. To me, it expresses the proper balance and perspective we need to maintain.

Some LDS families include Easter bunnies and eggs in their family festivities for the delight of children. Such traditions are not officially discouraged, though they have no religious significance to Latter-day Saints. The focus of the holiday is religious. For Latter-day Saints, Easter is a celebration of the promise of eternal life through Christ. They share the conviction of Job: “For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth: and though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God” (Job 19:25-26). (https://www.lds.org/topics/easter)

The purpose of this post is to provide you with some resources that can help you make sure that the Bunny does not eclipse the Savior this Easter. These resources are all provided by the Church free of charge, and with the hope that we will use them and share them with others.

The most recent news from the Church came today, with and invitation to view the Messiah concert online throughout the Easter weekend. CLICK on the picture below for more information on viewing this inspiring concert.

View Messiah Concert Online throughout ‪‎Easter‬ Weekend! The Messiah concert will be streamed live on mormontabernaclechoir.org/messiah beginning at 7:30 p.m. Mountain Daylight Time on Friday, April 18, and will be available to play through Monday at 11:59 p.m.

Easter Music

Music is a great way to worship and remember. Hymns, children’s songs and musical performances all contribute to the wonderful spirit of Easter. The Mormon Tabernacle Choir as created a marvelous playlist of Easter music on YouTube that you can enjoy and share online. I like to let it play in the background as I work in the office.

Easter Teaching Resources

and Lesson Ideas

The Church has also produced correlated material that can be used for children, youth, and adults containing stories, activities, media, and articles to enrich your life and lessons.

Prophetic Teachings of Easter and Resurrection

For those who want to experience an in-depth study of Easter and the Resurrection, the Church has created a colossal list of resources that can be studied at the following link: RESURRECTION

#Because Of Him

Nope. The # sign is not a typo. This week the Church released a couple new Easter videos and began a social-network Christ-centered Easter initiative called, #BecauseOfHim (To learn more about this initiative and get related material, CLICK HERE). You may want to visit your favorite social networking sites and search for #BecauseOfHim to see what you find. Way more inspiring than an egg hunt!

Because of Him #BecauseofHim Day 7

Easter E-cards

Another way to help your family and friends focus on the Savior is to use the E-cards that the Church has produced for sharing on your social-networks and through email. These E-cards are a great resource and are easy to share! Try it now!!!

Easter Memes & Images

There are also many Easter memes that the Church has created that can be shared easily online. People are very responsive to gospel-centered memes and messages during the holidays (Holy days). This is a great opportunity to share in the sharing during the Holy Week!

BibleVideos.lds.org

As you are probably already well aware, the Church has also created a vast library of BibleVideos that are very powerful. A number of these videos are particularly relevant during the Easter season. Here is a list that you may want to view and share this week:

Mormon Channel YouTube Easter Playlist

The Church has created several channels for you to enjoy on YouTube. The Mormon Channel features an Easter Videos playlist that currently has 15 Easter-themed videos. As mentioned previously, the Church continues to release new media so I expect that this playlist will just keep growing. My advice is to subscribe to The Mormon Channel on YouTube so that you can enjoy all the updated content. Below you will find the Easter Videos playlist along with a few of my favorite Easter videos.

None Were with Him

One of the great consolations of this Easter season is that because Jesus walked such a long, lonely path utterly alone, we do not have to do so.

His Sacred Name – An Easter Declaration

This Easter, remember the sacred name, life,

and sacrifice of our Savior, Jesus Christ.

Because of Him

Jesus Christ is our Savior. Because of Him, we can change for the better and live again with God. This Easter we celebrate His life and Resurrection and invite all to share His miraculous story. http://www.mormon.org/becauseofhim

Sunday Will Come

The Resurrection and the Atonement of Christ are the pinnacle events in the history of the world. The darkness and sadness of Christ’s crucifixion did not endure. Christ was resurrected, enabling the resurrection of all mankind. In our lives we will have our dark days, but because of Jesus Christ we can have hope in overcoming our trials and ultimately returning to live with our Heavenly Father.

He Lives: Testimonies of Jesus Christ

See and hear modern-day Apostles testify that Jesus Christ

is the Savior and that He lives today.

My Kingdom Is Not of This World

Jesus is persecuted, mocked and crucified. His followers mourn, and find the tomb empty on the third day. The Son of God breaks the bands of death and ascends to His Father in Heaven.

He is Risen: John the Beloved’s Witness of the Resurrection

The Apostle John provides his eyewitness account of the last events in the Savior’s life and his Resurrection.

To This End I Was Born

Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, and King of the Jews, was born to offer Himself as a sacrifice to atone for the sins of mankind.

He is Risen

Ponder what the Savior means to all humanity—and to you personally.

And then share the good news.

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Easter with Peter

31 Mar

My name is Simon, the son of Jonah. My brother is Andrew. He and I were fishermen from Galilee turned fishers of men by Jesus of Nazareth. You probably know me better as Peter (Cephas). The Savior gave me this name as we stood before the idol-encrusted banks of Caesarea Philippi. I had just born witness of His divinity as the Christ—our promised Messiah, the long-awaited Savior of the world—the Son of God. The Holy Spirit had testified to me of His divinity on many occasions, and within the week He bestowed the Keys of the Kingdom upon me. He gently tutored me and prepared me to become His Chief Apostle. The scriptures recount some of my mortal weaknesses, but they also tell of how I overcame them and was made strong by my faith in Jesus Christ.

Today I want to share with you my experience with Jesus the Christ during “The Greatest Week in History”, His final week in mortality. Without the events of that week, particularly those which took place in the Garden of Gethsemane and at the time of the resurrection, everything else is virtually meaningless.

Unfortunately, much of the world has created an Easter season that is meaningless. A bunny has replaced a God and eggs have replaced the “good news” of the gospel. The world has taken the Savior’s Holy Day and created a holiday. In the English language there is only a one-letter difference between the words Holy Day and holiday. That one letter, an “I” in “holiday” and a “Y” in Holy Day, make all the difference when commemorating Easter. Those who make it a “holiday” will focus on the “I”, the “me”—a selfish season. The one who makes it a “Holy Day” will focus on the “Y”, the “W-H-Y” of this season—a Savior-centered reason for the season. My purpose in sharing the Easter story with you is to inspire you to preserve it a Holy Day.

The first thing that you need to know is that Jesus Christ lives! And because He lives, we shall live again also. “Death is conqueredMan is free. Christ hath won the victory!” The events of Jesus’ final week comprise 33% of the four Gospels and 15% of the entire New Testament. During the next few minutes, I will share with you some of these events in an attempt to center your attention to the true meaning of Easter, increase your testimony of our Lord Jesus Christ, and deepen your conversion to His gospel.

That significant week began as none other I had ever experienced. We had spent three years together, but I had never before seen such a reception for the Master. It was during Pesach—the Passover season as you refer to it in English. Jerusalem was filled with the faithful who had made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem to celebrate the holy feasts. On this particular Sunday, the first day of the greatest week in history, the Savior left the small village of Bethany, where he had spent Saturday, the Sabbath, with our friends Mary, Martha, and Lazarus. We ascended the slopes leading toward Jerusalem, less than three miles away. Near the village of Bethphage, the Lord stopped and had us bring a colt that was prepared for His Triumphal Entry to the Holy City—just as the prophet Zechariah had foretold. “A very great multitude” had come out to greet the Master, spreading their garments and branches of trees before Him and crying, “Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.” All of these acts were symbols of reverence, and the use of the title “Son of David” indicated that the multitude accepted Jesus as their long-awaited Messiah, for this was the sacred title reserved for the Savior. Their shouts of “Hosanna” (“Save now”) were misdirected as they thought more on their temporal deliverance than on their spiritual salvation. He was indeed their King and Savior, but not the king they had expected—Jesus was never what we expected Him to be, but He was always what His Father expected Him to be. The tragic mistake made by the believing Jews at that time was that they expected the Savior to do at His first coming some of the things that He was to do at His Second Coming. They almost certainly expected Him to ride on His royal colt toward the Antonia Fortress or Herod’s Palace and assume His rightful place as ruler of Israel. Instead, He went directly to the Holy Temple and took note of what He saw.

It was not until later in the week, after the Savior had made such statements as “Render … unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s” and “My kingdom is not of this world” that the people were to change their cries from “Hosanna to the Son of David” to “Crucify him!” It was not until later in the week that the believers among the common people felt He had betrayed them; therefore they agreed to betray Him.

Early the next morning we returned with Jesus to the Holy Temple.  This time He made a decisive drive calculated to challenge the Jewish religious leadership. He drove from the outer court of the temple those who were trading and making money exchange from foreign currency. The money exchange was sanctioned by the Jewish leaders; and by preventing the merchandising, Jesus was in effect challenging their leadership. The issue was clear: Was the temple to be a place to worship God or to pursue gain? As he cleared the temple courts, he said, “It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves”.  It was three years to the week from the first time the Savior had driven the money changers from the temple. On that occasion, he had accused them of making his “Father’s house an house of merchandise.” On this occasion, now that he has openly avowed himself to be the Messiah, the Savior refers to the temple as “my house” when he quotes the scriptures. Before the week was over, the Master said to the rebellious residents of Jerusalem concerning the temple, “Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.” His shift in the words showing possession is noteworthy. As He taught us in the temple, the blind and the lame came unto Him and He healed them. That evening we returned again to Bethany.

Jesus’ actions and teachings in the temple raised the issue of authority, and both the secular and religious leaders felt threatened. They determined they would challenge Him and discredit Him in the eyes of the people. They spent their time devising taunting questions with which they desired to disgrace Him. The priests challenged him: “By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?”. Jesus responded by relating a series of parables that offended them. The scribes and Pharisees challenged him with similarly snide subjects. The Savior turned questioner and asked them: “What think ye of Christ? whose son is he?” Their prompt reply was, “The Son of David.” He responded, “How then doth David in spirit call Him Lord. … If David then call Him Lord, how is He his son? And no man was able to answer Him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask Him any more questions.” The Savior then turned to us, in the hearing of the multitude, and told us of the false teachings and practices of the scribes and the Pharisees. He frequently used the word hypocrite— a word meaning “actor on a stage”—in referring to the self-assumed teachers, and he concluded His condemnation by referring to them as “serpents” and a “generation of vipers.” The Savior then lamented over the great city of Jerusalem, reminding the people of the many prophets who had been sent to this area, and how frequently the people had rejected these prophets. He also pronounced the destruction that was yet to come upon the people and upon the temple, stating “there shall not be left here one stone upon another.” Perceiving that Jesus had gained the upper hand, the Jewish leaders consulted again how they might bring about His death. They would have to move quickly before the Passover to avoid a riot, however, since Jesus had become very popular with the Jewish people. How to bring about an arrest without provoking crowd reaction was the problem. An unexpected turn of events that took place supported their plot—one of Jesus’ own Apostles offered to betray Him. Next, the Savior went to the Mount of Olives where we met with Him privately and asked Him to explain His prophecies concerning the destruction of Jerusalem and the ensuing events that were to follow until the end of the world. After answering our questions, the Savior concluded His teachings with three parables intended to help us prepare for His Second Coming. We then returned with the Savior to Bethany and He prepared for His trying ordeal ahead.

Jesus knew of the plot that was unfolding in Jerusalem and we spent the next day away from the city.

Sometime during the following day (we assume) Judas Iscariot plotted with the chief priests and the Pharisees to betray the Master and deliver Him into their hands. Jesus had arranged to commemorate the Passover meal in a home privately reserved for us. Here Jesus prophesied of His death. Here it was revealed that Judas Iscariot should be the one who was to betray Him. Here the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper was instituted. Here the Savior washed our feet and asked us to continue to perform this ordinance. The Savior reminded us that He was soon to leave us, yet He would not leave us comfortless but would send us the “other Comforter,” the Holy Ghost. Leaving the upper room with the eleven (Judas had already left) Jesus led us outside the walls of Jerusalem to a familiar spot on the Mount of Olives—Gethsemane, the olive press—one of God’s great gardens. This is where one of the most important and transcendent events in the history of the world occurred. It was here that He atoned for the original transgressions of “Father Adam, the Ancient of Days and father of us all, and our glorious Mother Eve”, and it was here that He took upon Himself the sins of all mankind upon the condition of repentance. The events in the Garden of Gethsemane that evening and what happened in the next three days were so significant that the Savior exclaimed, “… for this cause came I unto this hour.” After some instructions, Jesus offered His great intercessory prayer on our behalf. Then taking me, James, and John, He went further into the Garden where He then left the three of us and went off by Himself to pray. There He pled with His Father, “let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.” The cup did not pass and Jesus suffered “the pain of all men”, an agony so excruciating that it caused Him to bleed at every pore. It was during His time of great suffering that I and my brethren succumbed to weariness and were not able to wait, and pray, and watch with Him in His time of need. Some time later Jesus returned to us and indicated that His betrayer was at hand. While He spoke, the Savior was met by Judas and “the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders” who had come to take Him to trial. I tried to deliver Him from their hands, but the Savior rebuked me and faced His future with faithfulness. I followed from a distance as I witnessed the awful events of that night which included an illegal trial before the high priest (Caiaphas) and the Jewish high council (the Sanhedrin), where He was first charged with sedition (a disturber of the peace) and then accused of blasphemy (falsely assuming the power of God), which was the most serious charge in Jewish law. When He was asked directly, “Tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God”, His answer was clear, “I am.” The apostate high priest cried out, “He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? … He is guilty of death.” Thus, one of the greatest ironies in history occurred, for Jesus, the divine Son of God, the one person who could not have been guilty of falsely assuming the power of God, was found guilty of blasphemy! And the only person since the fall of Adam who had power over physical death was condemned to die! However, the power to pronounce capital punishment had been taken away from the Jewish council by Roman decree; thus the leaders of the Sanhedrin had Him delivered to Pilate so an official decree of death could be issued. It was during this time that I suffered one of the most difficult moments of my life. I “wept bitterly” when the Lord looked upon me as His prophecy that I would deny Him thrice before the cock crowed was fulfilled.

The ensuing morning, the Savior was brought to trial before Pontius Pilate, the procurator of Judea who lived in Caesarea but who happened to be in Jerusalem for the Jewish feasts of Passover. Pilate came outside to hear their charges. The charge was now changed from blasphemy to high treason, the most serious offense in the Roman law. To back their charge of treason against the Savior, the members of the Sanhedrin falsely claimed the Master had forbidden the people to give tribute to Caesar (His actual words were, “Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s”), and they also accused Him of making Himself a king. When Pilate asked the Savior directly, “Art thou the king of the Jews?” the Savior answered, “My kingdom is not of this world”. Thus finding “no fault” in Him, Pilate was about to let Him go free when one of the priests claimed that Jesus had been teaching treason “beginning from Galilee to this place.” As soon as Pilate was reminded that Jesus was a Galilean, he sent the Savior to be tried by Herod, the vassal ruler of the province of Galilee, who was also in Jerusalem for the Pesach season. However, the Savior refused to answer any of the questions put to Him by Herod—He would not put on the show that Herod desired. So Jesus was taken again before Pilate by the members of the Sanhedrin, who were determined to have a death sentence pronounced against Him. Pilate could still find no fault in the Master and so declared, “I will … chastise him, and release him.” Pilate also reminded the Jews that it was the custom during the Passover season to release one of the prisoners from prison and that he was willing to release the innocent Jesus. However, the people cried, “Release … Barabbas” (whose name, Bar Abbas, means, “son of God”); thus a murderer and one guilty of sedition was released, while the innocent and literal Son of God was retained. When finally Pilate asked the people what they wanted him to do with Jesus, their awful cry was, “Crucify him!” Pilate’s reply was that he found “no fault” in the man, and he washed his hands of Jesus’ blood (Pilate’s freshly washed hands could not have been more unclean). Then came the self-condemning cry from the crowd, “His blood be on us, and on our children.” Even then, Pilate was about to let the Savior go with a scourging and chastisement, when a person cried out the taunt, “If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend; whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.” This push proved to be too much for Pilate, who had received what power he had from Caesar. Thus Pilate finally agreed to the crucifixion and turned Jesus over to his soldiers to be scourged and crucified. Then followed the torturous walk to Golgotha, where the tired, physical body of the Savior was given the assistance of another Simon, that of Cyrene, in carrying the cross. Pilate had earlier ordered that the words “JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS” should be inscribed on the cross in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. When the Jewish leaders tried to get him to change the inscription from “The King of the Jews” to “he said, I am King of the Jews,” Pilate replied: “What I have written I have written.” It was about 9:00 A.M. when the Savior was nailed to the cross. Despite the piercing pain of the nailing, the Savior could still look upon the Roman soldiers and say, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.” About noon a great earthquake occurred, which among other things tore the veil of the temple. The light of the sun was also hidden, and there was darkness until 3:00 P.M. It was then that the Savior cried out, “It is finished”. And so Jesus was executed by the brutal Roman practice of crucifixion through which He voluntarily gave up His spirit. Thus, the one who had been given power over death by His Father voluntarily gave up His life so that physical death could be conquered and all of us might live eternally. According to religious tradition, it was not lawful to leave a body unburied on the Sabbath. And the Sabbath, which began at sundown, was the Passover, and the Jewish leaders despised the idea that a man should remain on a cross on the Sabbath, particularly the Paschal Sabbath. Thus, as sundown approached, we took His body from the cross and promptly and partially prepared it for burial. The body was laid in the tomb offered by one of His disciples, Joseph of Arimathaea. Thus ended the sixth day—the darkest day in the history of the world.

It was now the Jewish Sabbath. Jesus’ body remained in the tomb, but in spirit He ministered in the realm of departed spirits. I have written about this in the book of 1 Peter, chapters 3 & 4. The Lord also revealed to Joseph F. Smith, the sixth president of the Church in this dispensation, what actually occurred on that momentous day, which in eternity promises to be one of the most important days of all time. The Book of Mormon also tells us of some of the activities of Jesus on this seventh day when His body lay in the tomb. It was on this day that the Savior spoke out of the darkness to the survivors on the American continent. He did not appear to them on that occasion, but He spoke to them. Among many people on the earth the seventh day was a day of physical darkness, but it was only the brief darkness that was to herald the most glorious dawn in history.

“It was yet dark” on “the first day of the week” when Mary Magdalene and “the other Mary” came to the tomb of the Savior with their sweet spices to anoint His body. However, they found the tomb empty, and an angel soon explained to them why the body of the Savior was not therein: “Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here: for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell His disciples that He is risen from the dead. …” And so the darkness and despair of His death were changed into the light and joy of His resurrection, breaking forever the bands of physical death and guaranteeing to all life after death.

What event in all history is there to compare with this? I am one of the Lord’s Special Witnesses of the His resurrection! Before the day had ended, many witnesses could testify of the reality of the resurrection, not only because of the appearances of the resurrected Christ but also because “many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the Holy City, and appeared unto many.” The people of the Book of Mormon also had additional witnesses, for just as Samuel the Lamanite had prophesied, after the resurrection of the Savior on the eastern continent many bodies of the saints in the Americas also “did arise and appear unto many and did minister unto them.” Within the next few weeks, the resurrected Christ appeared several times, including appearances to Mary Magdalene, to the other women, to the two disciples on the way to Emmaus, to Me, to ten of the Apostles on the day of His resurrection, to the eleven Apostles (including Thomas) a week after His resurrection, to seven of the disciples on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, to the eleven Apostles on a mountain in Galilee, to more than 500 brethren at one time, and to His Apostles at the time of his ascension into heaven. The Book of Mormon tells of additional appearances of the resurrected Christ, including one appearance to 2500 persons and later appearances to even larger groups. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is one of the most carefully documented events in history, as it should rightfully be, for it was the crowning event in the most important week in the history of the world.

Had the gospel ended with Jesus’ burial, there would be no gospel story, no “good news”—no Easter “Holy Day”. The great message of these testators is that Jesus is resurrected and was seen by many, many witnesses. On the most memorable Sunday in history, Easter, Jesus Christ emerged alive from the tomb. My witness, and the testimony of these many witnesses, constitutes the gospel story, the “good news”. My fellow Apostle John listed the following reason for including in his writings the major events of the last week in the earthly life of the Savior: “… these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.”—and we will! God be thanked for the matchless gift of His Beloved Son this Easter “Holy Day”!

The Savior's Atonement and Resurrection are remembered on Easter

The Savior’s Atonement and Resurrection are remembered on Easter

Sources: www.scriptures.lds.org, Daniel H. Ludlow, “The Greatest Week in History”, Ensign April 1972

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